Expertise Details






• Warts are the cutaneous manifestations of human papillomavirus (HPV).

• Warts may exist in different forms:

   • Common warts (verruca vulgaris), appear as firm, irregular verrucous surfaced papules that vary in size, shape and number. These are distributed anywhere on the body and are asymptomatic.

   • Plantar warts (verruca plantaris) occur on the plantar aspects and are painful keratotic plaques with a central depressed area.

   • Flat or planar warts (verruca plana) are smooth, skin-coloured, and flat topped papules that are more frequently seen on the face or hands of children.

   • Warts located in ano-genital region are due to sexual transmission of virus and are known as venereal or genital warts. They are caused by multiple strains of human papilloma virus (HPV). They can vary from flesh-coloured to white, pink, or brown. The locations involved in women can be the cervix, vagina, vulva, urethral meatus, and perianal region. In men, the scrotum, penis shaft, corona and under the foreskin, and perianal region can be involved. Condyloma acuminata is a type of venereal wart that shows vegetative or cauliflower-like growth.

HPV 16 and 18 are found to be most commonly associated with invasive cervical carcinoma. HPV vaccine may be offered to females after 11-12 years of age. However, cervical cancer screening is still recommended in vaccinated females.



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